Introduction to the characteristics of Chinese embroidery


Embroidery is an excellent traditional craft in China a […]

Embroidery is an excellent traditional craft in China and has a long history. Embroidery is a process of weaving various patterns on fabrics with various threads. According to physical objects such as silk paintings and embroidery unearthed in various ancient tombs, as far back as the Yin and Zhou dynasties more than 3,000 years ago, China already had gorgeous dark silk and colorful embroidery. The present Shang embroidery objects found in Henan are the earliest embroidery crafts in China. This embroidery pattern is a rhombus pattern and a wavy pattern with twisted corners. The twisted silk thread is used at the edge of the pattern line, and the process has reached a very high level. Embroidery marks of the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100 BC to 771 BC) were found in the tomb of Xi Zhou in Baoji Rujiazhuang, Shaanxi Province. This kind of embroidery adopts the stitch method of braid strand embroidery that is still in use today. It uses double lines, the lines are comfortable and the stitches are fairly uniform, indicating that the embroidery skills are very skilled. The production of such silk-embroidered handicrafts not only plays a great role in Chinese society, but also has a great role and influence in international cultural life. By the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 BC to 220 AD), embroidery had developed to a higher level, and embroidery has also become a major export commodity. Since China is the hometown of silk, since ancient times, the rich have regarded the "boudoir embroidered building" as their virginity, and the poor have adopted the "good weaving of skillful embroidery" as their occupation. In the Qing Dynasty (AD 1644~1911), the folk embroidery of various places all had traditional flavors, forming four famous famous embroidery, namely Suzhou embroidery, Hunan embroidery, Sichuan embroidery and Guangdong embroidery. In addition, there are Beijing embroidery, Wenzhou's Ou embroidery, Shanghai's Gu embroidery, and Miao's Miao embroidery, etc., with different origins and different styles. The stitching method of embroidery includes wrong stitch stitching, random stitch stitching, net stitching, and embroidering on the ground. The flowers of embroidery do not smell like fragrant, the birds are vivid. Walking beast looks realistic. After liberation, China applied oil painting, Chinese painting, photographs and other artistic forms to embroidery, so as to achieve the superb effect of painting from a distance and embroidering from a close distance. The use of embroidery has been further expanded, from drama clothing to pillowcases, tablecloths, screens, wall hangings and daily wear in daily life. In addition, embroidery is also a traditional foreign trade product of China with high economic value. Su embroidery is famous for its fine stitches, elegant colors and fine embroidery. It has the characteristics of flat, light, uniform, uniform, harmonious, fine and dense. The theme is mainly small animals. Such as "Cat Play Picture", "Feng Chuanhua", "Fish and Shrimp Picture" and so on. The double-sided embroidery that has appeared in recent years has similarities and differences on both sides. Such as the eyes of the anchor, the colors of the two sides are different, which is very fascinating. Its embroidery skills are superb, and it is a fine product in embroidery. Xiang embroidery is mostly realistic, with bright colors, and Chinese paintings as the background, lined with corresponding clouds and mist, pavilions, pavilions, birds and beasts, with a bold style. It is characterized by embroidering tigers, lions, etc., with strong roots of animal hair embroidered by unique stitches. Known as Xiang embroidery, "embroidery can produce fragrance, embroidered birds can smell sound, embroidered tigers can run, and embroidered people can express life.